Development history of traditional Chinese Medicine

Development history of traditional Chinese Medicine

Since the end of the Qing Dynasty, China was invaded by Western powers and its national fortune was weak. Traditional Chinese medicine falls into the debate between existence and abolition. The same is true of Japanese medicine, which belongs to the Chinese medical system, and Korean medicine in South Korea. Traditional Chinese medicine has been used for thousands of years on the ancient land of China. After thousands of years of clinical practice, it has been confirmed

Chinese traditional medicine is effective and feasible in treating diseases, preventing diseases and maintaining health. Before western medicine was introduced into China, our generations used traditional Chinese medicine to treat diseases and saved countless lives. The treatment of diseases in traditional Chinese medicine is macro and comprehensive. Traditional Chinese medicine, that is, compared with western medicine. Before western medicine came into China, traditional Chinese medicine was not called traditional Chinese medicine, but had a unique and rich appellation.

Formation of traditional Chinese Medicine

Traditional Chinese medicine originated in the primitive society. The theory of traditional Chinese medicine in the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period has been basically formed. There have been branches of anatomy and medicine. The “four diagnostics” have been adopted. The treatment methods include stone needle, acupuncture, decoction, moxibustion, guidance, Qi distribution, Zhu you, etc. Huangdi Neijing is one of the four classics of Chinese traditional medicine and the earliest medical classics in China’s medical treasure house. At the same time, it is a medical masterpiece studying human physiology, pathology, diagnostics, therapeutic principles and pharmacology. In theory, the “Yin Yang and five elements theory”, “pulse theory”, “Zang Xiang theory”, “meridian theory”, “etiology theory”, “pathogenesis theory”, “disease”, “diagnosis method”, treatment, health preservation and luck theory “in traditional Chinese medicine were established. Later, traditional Chinese medicine and health preservation began to use Yin Yang and five elements to explain human physiology, There are “medical workers”, gold needles, copper keys and so on. It refers to the medicine based on the traditional medicine created by the Chinese Han nationality. It is a discipline that studies human physiology, pathology, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases.

Development of traditional Chinese Medicine

Development history of traditional Chinese Medicine
traditional Chinese Medicine

Zhang Zhongjing, a famous medical scientist, appeared in the Eastern Han Dynasty, He had known the “Eight Principles” (yin and Yang, exterior and interior, deficiency and excess, cold and heat) and summarized the “eight methods”. Hua Tuo was famous all over the world for his mastery of surgery and anesthesia. He also founded the “five poultry opera” of fitness gymnastics. Sun Simiao of the Tang Dynasty summarized the theories and experience of his predecessors, collected more than 5000 prescriptions and adopted syndrome differentiation treatment. He was respected as the “king of medicine” because of his highest medical ethics.

Prosperity of traditional Chinese Medicine

After the Tang Dynasty, a large number of Chinese medical theories and works were spread to Korea, Japan, Central Asia, West Asia and other places.

There are more than 150 prescriptions of Tang Dynasty engraved on the door of Longmen Grottoes. Most of the drugs used are plant, animal and mineral drugs. Prescriptions involve internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, facial features, etc. the medicinal materials involved can be found among the people, which is convenient for the people to a great extent. These prescriptions can not only treat common diseases, but also treat difficult and miscellaneous diseases, such as choking prescription, which can treat esophageal cancer. Among them, 95 prescriptions were included in Yixin prescription by a Japanese scholar in the 10th century, which shows its value and influence. The prescription of prescription cave is the earliest existing stone carved prescription in China, which plays an important role in the study of Chinese medicine.

During the two Song Dynasties, the Song government established Hanlin Medical College, with nearly complete medical branches, unified the acupoint disorder caused by copying of Chinese acupuncture and published the picture classics.

Decline of traditional Chinese Medicine

Decline of traditional Chinese Medicine
traditional Chinese Medicine.

With the decline of Jin Yuan, traditional Chinese medicine began to decline. After the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the classical Chinese medicine school was gradually replaced by the classical Chinese medicine school. The compendium of Materia Medica written by Li Shizhen in the late Ming Dynasty marked the decline of traditional Chinese medicine pharmacology. At the same time, Mongolian medicine and Tibetan medicine were influenced by traditional Chinese medicine. In Korea, Eastern medicine has also been greatly developed. For example, Xu Jun wrote the treasure book of Eastern medicine.

Revival of traditional Chinese Medicine

Since SARS in 2003, traditional Chinese medicine has begun to show signs of recovery.

In modern times, traditional Chinese medicine is still one of the common means to treat diseases in China.

Internationally, acupuncture has aroused great interest in the medical community. Acupuncture has been proved to be effective in reducing postoperative pain, nausea during pregnancy, nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy and toothache, and its side effects are very low. However, for chronic pain, back pain and headache, the data show ambiguity or controversy. Who believes that the effectiveness of many acupuncture and moxibustion and some herbal medicines has been strongly supported by scientific double-blind research, but further research is needed for other traditional therapies, and the safety and risk of non studied traditional therapies cannot be ignored. On May 26, 2002, who published the “global strategy for traditional medicine research 2002-2005”, inviting more than 180 countries around the world to incorporate alternative medicine into their medical policies.

The original innovation and revolution of the basic theory of modern traditional Chinese medicine launched in the 1990s. The new philosophical view of traditional Chinese medicine three philosophical views of traditional Chinese medicine: holistic view, dialectical view, and the newly excavated third philosophical view of traditional Chinese medicine: similarity view fractal theory.

On October 1, 2018, the world health organization incorporated traditional Chinese medicine into its globally influential medical program for the first time. The newly incorporated information on traditional Chinese medicine will be written into Chapter 26 of the 11th edition of the global medical outline, which mainly explains the classification system of traditional medicine and will be implemented in WHO Member States in 2022.

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